How to Make Your Own Honey Bee Feeders: DIY Guide & Tips

Have you ever considered making your own honey bee feeders? Not only is it a fun DIY project, but it also helps support the bee population in your area. Honey bees play a crucial role in pollinating crops and maintaining the ecosystem, so providing them with supplemental food sources can benefit not only the bees but also the environment as a whole.

In this article, I will guide you through the process of making your own homemade honey bee feeders. We will cover everything from why bee feeders are important to choosing the right materials, and even provide step-by-step instructions on how to construct your own feeders.

Key Takeaways:

  • Making your own honey bee feeders can help support the bee population in your area and benefit the environment as a whole.
  • This article will provide guidance on why bee feeders are important, how to choose the right materials, and step-by-step instructions on how to make your own homemade honey bee feeders.

Why Bee Feeders Are Important for Honey Bees

Honey bees play a crucial role in our ecosystem, pollinating crops and flowers that provide food and habitat for many other species. However, they face a number of challenges that can impact their health and survival, including habitat loss, pesticide exposure, and climate change. Providing honey bees with a reliable food source is one way to support their population and help them overcome these challenges.

Bee feeders are an essential tool for beekeepers and backyard enthusiasts alike. They can supplement the natural food sources that honey bees rely on, especially during times when nectar and pollen may be scarce. Bee feeders can also provide easy access to food for bees living in urban or suburban environments where natural food sources may be limited.

A well-maintained honey bee feeder can not only help sustain honey bee populations, but also encourage them to stay in a particular area. This is especially important for beekeepers who want to keep their hives healthy and productive, or for those who simply want to attract bees to their garden to aid in pollination.

Choosing the Right Materials for Homemade Honey Bee Feeders

Building a honey bee feeder can be a fun and rewarding project, but it’s important to choose the right materials to ensure the safety and well-being of the bees. When selecting materials, consider the following:

Regardless of the material you choose, it’s best to avoid any materials that contain harmful chemicals or additives. Additionally, make sure that the feeder is constructed in a way that minimizes the risk of bees getting trapped or injured.

Here’s a table that outlines the pros and cons of various materials you can use for homemade honey bee feeders:

PlasticLightweightCan degrade under UV exposure
InexpensivePotential for chemical leaching
Easy to clean and disinfectCan crack in extreme temperatures
GlassNon-reactive and safe for beesHeavy and fragile
Easy to cleanRisk of breakage
Does not degradeMore expensive than plastic
Stainless SteelDurable and long-lastingExpensive
Resistant to rust and corrosionHeavier than plastic
Easy to cleanPotentially sharp edges if not properly finished
CeramicNon-reactive and safe for beesFragile and can break
Aesthetically pleasingHeavier than plastic and glass
Easy to cleanCan be expensive
WoodNatural appearanceCan rot if not properly sealed
Provides some insulationMay harbor mold or bacteria if not cleaned properly
Readily availableNeeds regular maintenance
Mason JarsInexpensive and widely availableGlass can break easily
Easy to modify for DIY feedersLimited capacity
Reusable and eco-friendlyCan be heavy when filled

When selecting a material for homemade honey bee feeders, consider the specific needs of your bees and the environment in which the feeders will be used. For instance, durability and ease of cleaning are crucial for long-term use, while cost and availability might be more critical for a temporary or experimental setup.

Types of Honey Bee Feeder Designs

There are several types of honey bee feeder designs to choose from depending on your preferences and the specific needs of your bee colony. Below are some popular options:

Entrance Feeders

Entrance feeders are located at the entrance of the beehive and require bees to leave the hive to access the syrup. This option is best suited for smaller colonies as it may cause congestion and robbers in larger colonies.

Top Feeders

Top feeders sit on top of the supers and are filled with syrup. They are an efficient way to feed large colonies, but may require more construction skills to make.

Urban Beekeeping - Managing Hives in City Environments
  • Carter, Anthony (Author)
  • English (Publication Language)
  • 194 Pages - 02/28/2024 (Publication Date) - Independently published (Publisher)

Open Feeding Stations

Open feeding stations are placed away from the hive and are an effective way to feed large bee colonies. They can be made from simple materials such as trays, buckets, or pans.

When choosing the design of your honey bee feeder, consider the size of your bee colony, the amount of bees that will need to feed, and the type of feeder design that best suits your needs.

Here’s a detailed table that outlines the different types of honey bee feeder designs, along with their pros and cons:

Feeder TypeProsCons
Boardman FeederEasy to monitorCan attract robbers
Simple to refillOnly suitable for warm weather
Fits at the entrance of the hiveLimited capacity
Top FeederLarge capacityRequires opening the hive for refills
Reduces robbing riskCan be expensive
Suitable for colder climatesPotential drowning hazard if not well-designed
Frame FeederFits inside the hiveReduces space for brood and honey
Large capacityBees can drown if not properly designed
Reduces robbing riskNeeds to be refilled more frequently
Jar FeederInexpensive and easy to makeLimited capacity
Easy to monitor and refillNeeds frequent refilling
Can be placed inside or outside the hiveMay attract robbers if placed outside
Bucket FeederLarge capacityCan be cumbersome to handle when full
Reduces robbing riskRequires space above the hive
Suitable for remote locationsCan drown bees if not properly designed
Division Board FeederFits within the hiveReduces space for brood and honey
Reduces robbing riskNeeds frequent refilling
Easy to monitorPotential drowning hazard if not well-designed
Entrance FeederEasy to monitor and refillCan attract robbers
Inexpensive and easy to makeOnly suitable for warm weather
Convenient for emergency feedingLimited capacity
Gravity FeederSimple and inexpensiveLimited capacity
Easy to makeCan leak if not properly sealed
Can be placed inside or outside the hiveMay attract robbers if placed outside
Syringe FeederPrecise feedingLimited to small-scale feeding
Useful for targeted applicationsLabor-intensive for large apiaries
Easy to control the amount of feedRequires frequent refilling

Each type of feeder has its own unique advantages and disadvantages. The best choice will depend on factors like the size of your apiary, the local climate, your budget, and your specific beekeeping practices.

DIY Honey Bee Feeder: Step-by-Step Guide

If you’re interested in making a homemade honey bee feeder, follow these step-by-step instructions for a simple yet effective design.

1. Using the hammer and nail, make several small holes in the lid of the glass jar. These holes will allow the bees to access the syrup.

2. Cut a small piece of mesh and place it over the holes in the jar lid. This will prevent the bees from getting stuck in the holes.

3. Fill the jar with sugary syrup. A mixture of 1:1 sugar and water is a good option.

4. Tie a string or wire around the neck of the jar. This will allow you to hang the jar upside down, creating a feeding station for the bees.

5. Hang the jar in a shaded area of your garden, away from any potential threats to the bees.

Remember to monitor and refill the feeder as necessary, and maintain cleanliness to ensure the health of the bees.

Here’s a table that outlines a step-by-step guide to making a basic honey bee feeder using a mason jar:

1Gather MaterialsYou will need a mason jar with a lid, a small nail or drill, and a hammer. Optional: a shallow dish to place the feeder on.
2Clean the JarEnsure the mason jar and lid are clean and dry to prevent contamination.
3Prepare the LidUsing a small nail or drill, make several tiny holes in the lid. These holes should be small enough to prevent bees from entering but large enough for them to access the syrup.
4Mix the SyrupPrepare a sugar syrup by mixing one part sugar with one part water (1:1 ratio) for spring feeding, or two parts sugar with one part water (2:1 ratio) for fall feeding. Stir until the sugar is completely dissolved.
5Fill the JarPour the sugar syrup into the mason jar, leaving a small space at the top.
6Attach the LidScrew the perforated lid onto the mason jar tightly.
7Invert the JarQuickly invert the jar so that the lid is facing downwards. Some syrup may leak out initially, but it should stop once a vacuum forms inside the jar.
8Place the FeederPlace the inverted jar on a shallow dish or directly on the hive entrance. Ensure it is stable and won’t tip over easily.
9Monitor and RefillRegularly check the feeder and refill it with syrup as needed. Clean the jar and lid periodically to prevent mold or contamination.

This basic mason jar feeder is simple to make and effective for providing your bees with the necessary nutrition, especially during times when natural food sources are scarce.

Essential Tips for Bee Feeder Placement

Proper placement of honey bee feeders is essential to attract and support a thriving bee population. Follow these tips to ensure your homemade honey bee feeder is effective and safe:

  • Place the feeder near a water source for easy access. Bees need water to dilute their honey and keep the hive cool.
  • Choose a shaded area to prevent the feeder from overheating, especially during hot summer months.
  • Avoid placing the feeder near high-traffic areas such as walkways or doors where people or pets may disrupt the bees.
  • Hang the feeder securely from a sturdy tree or post to prevent it from falling or spilling.
  • Ensure the feeder is level to prevent honey from spilling or dripping excessively.
  • Place the feeder away from other beekeeping equipment and other beehives to prevent the spread of disease.

DIY Bee Feeder Maintenance and Cleaning

Proper maintenance and cleaning of homemade honey bee feeders are crucial to ensure the health and well-being of honey bees. Here are some steps to follow:

It’s important to regularly check the feeders for any signs of damage or wear and tear. Replace any damaged parts immediately to ensure the safety of the bees.

Tip: Avoid using harsh chemicals or detergents to clean the feeder, as these can be harmful to bees.

Here’s a table outlining the steps for proper maintenance and cleaning of homemade honey bee feeders:

1Gather Cleaning SuppliesYou will need warm water, mild dish soap, a soft brush, and a clean cloth or paper towels.
2Disassemble the FeederCarefully take apart the feeder components, including jars, lids, and any base parts.
3Empty Residual SyrupPour out any leftover syrup from the feeder into a waste container. Do not pour it on the ground near the hive to avoid attracting pests.
4Soak the ComponentsSoak the disassembled parts in warm soapy water for a few minutes to loosen any residue.
5Scrub ThoroughlyUse a soft brush to gently scrub all parts of the feeder, paying special attention to small holes and crevices where mold and residue can build up.
6Rinse WellRinse all parts thoroughly with clean water to remove all soap residue. Ensure no soap remains, as it can be harmful to bees.
7Dry CompletelyAllow all components to air dry completely or dry them with a clean cloth or paper towels. Moisture can promote mold growth, so ensure parts are thoroughly dry before reassembling.
8Inspect for DamageCheck all parts for any signs of damage, such as cracks or sharp edges, and replace if necessary. Damaged parts can harm bees or lead to feeder leaks.
9Reassemble the FeederOnce dry, reassemble the feeder and ensure all parts fit securely.
10Store ProperlyIf not immediately using the feeder, store it in a clean, dry place to prevent contamination.
11Regular MaintenanceClean the feeder at least once a week or whenever you refill it to prevent mold and contamination. Frequent cleaning helps maintain bee health.

Proper maintenance and cleaning of your homemade honey bee feeders are crucial to ensure the health and safety of your bees. Regularly inspect and clean the feeders to prevent the growth of mold and bacteria, which can harm your bee colony.

Homemade Bee Feed Recipes and Nectar Substitutes

Creating homemade bee feed for your honey bee feeders can be a cost-effective and nutritious way to supplement their natural food sources. However, it is important to use safe and nutritious ingredients to promote the bees’ health and well-being. Here are a few simple homemade bee feed recipes and nectar substitutes:

Note: When making bee feed, it is important to use only white granulated sugar or organic cane sugar, as brown sugar and other sweeteners can be harmful to the bees.

Additionally, it is important to note that these homemade bee feed recipes should only be used as a supplement to the bees’ natural food sources and should not be relied on as their primary source of nutrition.

Here’s a table outlining some popular homemade bee feed recipes and nectar substitutes, along with their ingredients and instructions:

Recipe TypeIngredientsInstructionsTips
1:1 Sugar Syrup1 cup white granulated sugarBoil 1 cup of water.Ideal for spring feeding to stimulate brood rearing.
1 cup waterRemove from heat and stir in sugar until dissolved.Ensure syrup is completely cool before feeding to bees.
Let it cool before use.
2:1 Sugar Syrup2 cups white granulated sugarBoil 1 cup of water.Suitable for fall feeding to help bees build up winter stores.
1 cup waterRemove from heat and stir in sugar until dissolved.Thicker syrup helps bees store food for winter.
Let it cool before use.
Honey-Bee Tea1 cup white granulated sugarBoil 2 cups of water.Can be used as a natural supplement with additional benefits.
1 tsp chamomile teaSteep chamomile tea in boiling water for 5 minutes.Chamomile has soothing properties and may benefit bee health.
1 tsp lemon juiceRemove tea bag, add sugar and lemon juice, stir until dissolved.Let it cool before use.
2 cups waterLet it cool before use.
Probiotic Syrup1 cup white granulated sugarBoil 1 cup of water.Promotes gut health in bees.
1 cup waterRemove from heat and stir in sugar until dissolved.Probiotic supplement can be found at bee supply stores.
1/4 tsp probiotic powder (bee-specific)Once cool, add probiotic powder and mix well.Ensure syrup is completely cool before adding probiotics.
Fondant4 cups white granulated sugarBoil 1 cup of water.Suitable for winter feeding when liquid syrup can ferment.
1 cup waterAdd sugar and stir until dissolved, bring to a boil.Pour onto parchment paper to cool and harden.
1/4 cup corn syrup (optional)Add corn syrup and continue boiling until the mixture reaches 240°F (soft ball stage).Break into pieces and place inside the hive.
1/4 tsp cream of tartar (optional)Remove from heat, cool slightly, and beat until thick.
Pollen Patties1 cup pollen substitute (available at bee supply stores)Mix dry ingredients in a bowl.Great for boosting protein intake during brood rearing periods.
1 cup sugarSlowly add sugar syrup until a dough-like consistency forms.Store excess patties in the freezer.
1/4 cup sugar syrupFlatten mixture into patties and place in the hive.Replace as needed, checking for mold regularly.

These recipes provide essential nutrients to bees, especially during times when natural forage is scarce. Always ensure that the feed is free of contaminants and avoid using any ingredients that could be harmful to bees, such as artificial sweeteners or honey from unknown sources, which could carry diseases.

Monitoring and Observing Honey Bee Feeders

Once you have successfully set up your honey bee feeders, it is important to monitor and observe them regularly. This will help you assess their effectiveness in attracting and supporting a thriving bee population, as well as identify and address any potential issues or risks.

Here are some tips to keep in mind when monitoring and observing your honey bee feeders:

  • Check your feeders at least once a week to ensure they are clean, filled with fresh feed, and free from any potential hazards or contamination.
  • Observe bee behavior around the feeders. Pay attention to how many bees are using the feeders, how often they visit them, and how long they stay. This can help you adjust the placement and quantity of your feeders for maximum effectiveness.
  • Look for any signs of disease or stress in the bees, such as abnormal behavior, discoloration, or physical deformities. If you notice any such signs, consult with a beekeeping expert or veterinarian to identify and address the issue.
  • Record your observations and findings in a journal or digital log. This can help you track changes over time, identify patterns, and make informed decisions about your beekeeping practices.

Remember, providing feeders for honey bees is not just about helping them survive, it is also about supporting their role as pollinators and contributing to the overall health of our ecosystem. By monitoring and observing your honey bee feeders, you are taking an active role in protecting and promoting a vital aspect of our natural world.

Potential Challenges and Solutions with Homemade Honey Bee Feeders

While making homemade honey bee feeders can be a rewarding and beneficial activity, it may also come with some challenges. It’s important to consider these potential issues and have solutions prepared to ensure the safety and health of the bees. Here are some common challenges and solutions when making homemade honey bee feeders:

Lack of Attraction

If the honey bee feeder is not attracting bees, it may be due to its location or design. Bees are more likely to visit feeders that are placed in a sunny and sheltered area and feature bright colors or patterns. Try relocating the feeder and modifying its design to increase its visibility and attractiveness.


Honey bee feeders can become contaminated with mold, bacteria, or other harmful substances if not cleaned and maintained properly. Be sure to regularly clean the feeder and replace its contents with fresh and safe bee feed to prevent contamination.


If too many bees visit the honey bee feeder at once, it may lead to overcrowding and potential aggression or competition. To avoid this, consider creating multiple feeding stations and spreading them out throughout the bee’s foraging area.

Invasive Species

Some invasive species, such as wasps or ants, may also be attracted to honey bee feeders and pose a threat to the bees. To prevent these species from accessing the feeder, consider using specialized bee feeder designs or protective barriers.

Weather Conditions

Extreme weather conditions, such as heavy rain or high winds, can also pose a challenge for honey bee feeders. To protect the feeder and its contents from weather-related damage, consider placing it in a sheltered area or using protective covers or materials.

Here’s a table outlining potential challenges and solutions with homemade honey bee feeders:

Robbing BehaviorBees from other colonies may try to steal the syrup.Place feeders inside the hive or use entrance reducers to minimize robbing.
Mold GrowthMold can grow in sugar syrup, posing a health risk to bees.Clean feeders regularly and avoid overfilling. Use a small amount of essential oil (e.g., thyme or tea tree) to inhibit mold.
Syrup FermentationSugar syrup can ferment in warm weather.Prepare smaller batches of syrup and store excess in the refrigerator. Check feeders frequently and replace syrup as needed.
Drowning BeesBees can drown in poorly designed feeders.Use feeders with proper bee access, such as floats or screens. Regularly check and adjust the feeder design to prevent drowning.
Feeder LeaksLeaking syrup can attract pests and waste food.Ensure all components are securely assembled and check for cracks or holes. Replace damaged parts immediately.
Weather ConditionsExtreme temperatures can affect feeder operation.Use insulated feeders or place feeders inside the hive during extreme weather. In hot weather, provide shade. In cold weather, ensure syrup doesn’t freeze.
ContaminationFeeders can become contaminated with dirt or chemicals.Clean feeders regularly with warm soapy water and rinse thoroughly. Use only food-grade materials.
Limited CapacitySmall feeders need frequent refilling, which can be labor-intensive.Use larger capacity feeders for less frequent refilling. Plan regular maintenance schedules.
Inadequate NutritionSugar syrup lacks essential nutrients.Supplement syrup with pollen patties or a commercial bee feed supplement. Rotate feed types to ensure a balanced diet.
Ants and Other PestsFeeders can attract ants and other pests.Use ant guards or place feeders on stands with water barriers. Regularly inspect and clean the feeding area.
Difficulty Monitoring Feed LevelsHard to see how much syrup is left in some feeders.Use transparent feeders or place feeders where they are easily accessible for monitoring.
Hive DisturbanceFrequent refilling can disturb the hive.Choose feeders that can be refilled without opening the hive, such as entrance feeders or top feeders with external access.
Improper Feeder PlacementIncorrect placement can lead to feeder instability or bees not finding the syrup.Place feeders in stable, easily accessible locations. Ensure they are level and securely positioned.

These solutions help mitigate common challenges associated with homemade honey bee feeders, ensuring that your bees remain healthy and well-nourished.

Enhancing Your Garden for Honey Bees

While honey bee feeders are an excellent way to attract and support bees in your backyard, there are also other things you can do to enhance the environment for them. By creating a bee-friendly garden, you can provide additional sources of food and shelter for these important pollinators.

Here are some tips for enhancing your garden for honey bees:

  1. Plant a variety of flowers that bloom at different times throughout the year to provide a continuous food source for bees.
  2. Avoid using pesticides and herbicides, as they can harm bees and other pollinators.
  3. Provide a water source, such as a shallow bird bath filled with rocks for the bees to land on.
  4. Create nesting sites by providing natural materials like mud, leaves, and twigs, or installing bee hotels.
  5. Consider planting bee-friendly herbs like lavender, thyme, and mint, which also have the added benefit of repelling unwanted pests in your garden.

By enhancing your garden for honey bees, you can create a thriving ecosystem that benefits both the bees and the overall health of your garden. Coupled with the use of honey bee feeders, you can play an active role in supporting these crucial pollinators.

How to Make Your Own Honey Bee Feeders – Conclusion

Making your own honey bee feeders can be a rewarding and fulfilling experience for any backyard enthusiast. By providing supplemental food sources for honey bees, you can help support their populations and ensure they remain healthy and strong.

This DIY guide has outlined the importance of honey bee feeders, the materials needed to construct them, and the various designs available. Additionally, it has provided a step-by-step guide for creating your own homemade honey bee feeders, along with tips for placement, maintenance, and observation.

While challenges may arise along the way, such as potential bee aggression or mold growth in the feeder, there are always solutions to overcome them. By enhancing your garden environment with beneficial flowers and other bee-friendly elements, you can complement the use of honey bee feeders and increase their effectiveness.

Last update on 2024-07-11 / Affiliate links / Images from Amazon Product Advertising API

My new beekeeping book is now available! "Urban Beekeeping - Managing Hives in City Environments"

Scroll to Top